1.51 The Department uses emissions inventory as a basis for estimating actual emissions using different methods and sources for different categories and sectors. The latest comprehensive emissions estimates are for the year 2000 and the ministry is finalizing estimates for 2002. The following exposure presents NOx and VOC emission estimates for 1990-2000 and projection for 2002 (Figure 1.2). 1.25 Verification and monitoring. Measuring and communicating environmental outcomes is very important, but does not necessarily ensure that Canada achieves the environmental outcomes desired in international agreements. In addition, there must be good management control to verify results against expectations, identify the difficulties and constraints necessary to meet these expectations, and take all necessary corrective measures. 1.119 Our five case studies provided an additional insight into the responsibility of responsible services for the outcome of their agreements. We found that, overall, there is no significant difference between the way the federal government manages and takes into account environmental policies and objectives set out in international environmental agreements and those defined elsewhere. There are no management guidelines, procedures or mechanisms that apply exclusively to international environmental agreements. Results similar to those of other government policies, programs or initiatives are in fact considered. We believe that this is neither an unexpected point of view nor a problem, as long as the principles of accountability are applied. However, we found that the key elements of accountability are not always present. 1.123 Of the five agreements we reviewed, environmental performance expectations (or targets) were clearly established in the case of the Montreal Protocol, the Ozone Annex and, in part, in the case of UNFA, based on the fish stocks examined.
As part of its resource capacity, Environment Canada will update all Ramsar site management plans identified on its land in accordance with the Management Planning Guidelines of the Ramsar Convention. The ministry will encourage Ramsar site managers who are not owned by the department to develop management plans in accordance with the management planning guidelines for the Ramsar Convention. These must be concluded by Ramsar`s 10th Contracting Parties Agreement (2008). 1.29 This review was based on the principles of accountability before Parliament and the results achieved for Canadians and examined how the Canadian federal government is responsible for the outcome of its international environmental agreements. We have selected five agreements to use as audit case studies. We have opted for agreements that reflect different and important environmental issues and represent clear environmental objectives.